Cognitive Therapy for Depression – A Review

Treatment: Cognitive Therapy for Depression

Excellent evidence that treatment improves symptoms and functional outcomes at post-treatment and follow-up; little risk of harm; requires reasonable amount of resources; effective in non- research settings.

Moderate to high quality evidence that treatment improves symptoms or functional outcomes is strong.

Weak: low or very low-quality evidence that treatment has a meaningful effect on symptoms or outcomes.

Insufficient Evidence: No meta-analytic study anxiety treatment could be identified

Existing meta-analyses are not of sufficient quality.

Treatment pending re-evaluation

The 1998 EST Status is Strong Research Support Strong.

Modest support comes from one well-designed study or several adequately designed studies.

Conflicting results are controversial.

The criteria for the strength of research support empirical review.

The Recommendation was very strong and weak and was pending re-evaluation.

The strong modest controversial is what Chambless et al. EST is.

Cognitive Therapy for Depression is a field of therapy. List your practice.

Brief Summary

The basic premise is that people who are susceptible to depression develop inaccurate/unhelpful core beliefs about themselves, others, and the world as a result of their learning histories. These beliefs can be inactive for a long time and are activated by life events that carry meaning for that person. Core beliefs that make someone susceptible to depression are categorized into beliefs about being worthless, incompetent, and unlovable. Information processing deficits,selective attention, and memory biases are some of the topics that cognitive theory focuses on.

The theory of depression proposes that people who are depressed can develop inaccurate/unhelpful core beliefs about themselves, others, and the world as a result of their learning histories. These beliefs can be inactive for a long time and are activated by life events that carry meaning for that person. Core beliefs that make someone susceptible to depression are categorized into beliefs about being worthless, incompetent, and unlovable. Information processing deficits,selective attention, and memory biases are some of the topics that cognitive theory focuses on. Clients are taught cognitive and behavioral skills in cognitive therapy so they can become their own therapists.

Clients are taught cognitive and behavioral skills in cognitive therapy so they can become their own therapists. In most trials, the therapy for depression is delivered over 8 to 16 sessions. There is an interaction between initial symptom severity and the length of the computed toms. The 8 or 16 sessions ofCT are good for clients with mild or moderate depression. The response rates for clients with severe depression are better with 16 sessions. Booster sessions are recommended for enhanced relapse prevention after the end of a contract. The 8-16 sessions finding is caveated by the fact that the efficacy trials results can be used to extend treatment in the community if the client has depression, comorbid disorders, or other psychological factors. A study found that clients who completed an intake but never entered therapy attended an average of 15.9 sessions, with a range of 0 to 97. The number of sessions was divided into 11 by the number of modal sessions.

Treatment Resources

Michael Williston, PsyD, and Rachel Hershenberg, PhD are the Editors.

The resources provided below are not intended to replace the training in mental health treatment.

Treatment Manuals / Outlines

Treatment Manuals

The manual for specific populations and formats is available through external sites.

Books Available for Purchase Through External Sites

Training Materials and Workshops

Training Centers in North America

The Beck Institute is located at 1 Belmont Avenue, #700, in Bala Cynwyd, PA.

Academy of Cognitive Therapy is a global organization that supports professionals, Educating consumers, and connecting individuals with truly effective care.

Workshops

The Beck Institute has workshops under the direction of Judith Beck.

The annual conference of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies is held in the summer.

Measures, Handouts and Worksheets

Self-help Books

The books listed above are based on in-person treatments. They have not been evaluated by themselves or with in-person treatment. They are listed as a resource for clinicians who use them as an alternative to in-person treatment.

Smartphone Apps

Computer-Based CBT for Depression

Beating the Blues (Ultrasis)

Moodcalmer (Cobalt)

MoodGym (National Institute of Mental Health in Australia)

Video Demonstrations

Videos Available for Purchase Through External Sites

Clinical Trials

Major Depressive Disorder

Dysthymic Disorder

Bipolar Disorder

Group CT

Brief CT

Meta-analyses and Systematic Reviews

Other Treatment Resources

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