Treatment: Cognitive Therapy for Depression
Excellent evidence that treatment improves symptoms and functional outcomes at post-treatment and follow-up; little risk of harm; requires reasonable amount of resources; effective in non- research settings.
Moderate to high quality evidence that treatment improves symptoms or functional outcomes is strong.
Weak: low or very low-quality evidence that treatment has a meaningful effect on symptoms or outcomes.
Insufficient Evidence: No meta-analytic study anxiety treatment could be identified
Existing meta-analyses are not of sufficient quality.
Treatment pending re-evaluation
The 1998 EST Status is Strong Research Support Strong.
Modest support comes from one well-designed study or several adequately designed studies.
Conflicting results are controversial.
The criteria for the strength of research support empirical review.
The Recommendation was very strong and weak and was pending re-evaluation.
The strong modest controversial is what Chambless et al. EST is.
Cognitive Therapy for Depression is a field of therapy. List your practice.
The basic premise is that people who are susceptible to depression develop inaccurate/unhelpful core beliefs about themselves, others, and the world as a result of their learning histories. These beliefs can be inactive for a long time and are activated by life events that carry meaning for that person. Core beliefs that make someone susceptible to depression are categorized into beliefs about being worthless, incompetent, and unlovable. Information processing deficits,selective attention, and memory biases are some of the topics that cognitive theory focuses on.
The theory of depression proposes that people who are depressed can develop inaccurate/unhelpful core beliefs about themselves, others, and the world as a result of their learning histories. These beliefs can be inactive for a long time and are activated by life events that carry meaning for that person. Core beliefs that make someone susceptible to depression are categorized into beliefs about being worthless, incompetent, and unlovable. Information processing deficits,selective attention, and memory biases are some of the topics that cognitive theory focuses on. Clients are taught cognitive and behavioral skills in cognitive therapy so they can become their own therapists.
Clients are taught cognitive and behavioral skills in cognitive therapy so they can become their own therapists. In most trials, the therapy for depression is delivered over 8 to 16 sessions. There is an interaction between initial symptom severity and the length of the computed toms. The 8 or 16 sessions ofCT are good for clients with mild or moderate depression. The response rates for clients with severe depression are better with 16 sessions. Booster sessions are recommended for enhanced relapse prevention after the end of a contract. The 8-16 sessions finding is caveated by the fact that the efficacy trials results can be used to extend treatment in the community if the client has depression, comorbid disorders, or other psychological factors. A study found that clients who completed an intake but never entered therapy attended an average of 15.9 sessions, with a range of 0 to 97. The number of sessions was divided into 11 by the number of modal sessions.
Michael Williston, PsyD, and Rachel Hershenberg, PhD are the Editors.
The resources provided below are not intended to replace the training in mental health treatment.
Treatment Manuals / Outlines
The manual for specific populations and formats is available through external sites.
Books Available for Purchase Through External Sites
Training Materials and Workshops
Training Centers in North America
The Beck Institute is located at 1 Belmont Avenue, #700, in Bala Cynwyd, PA.
Academy of Cognitive Therapy is a global organization that supports professionals, Educating consumers, and connecting individuals with truly effective care.
The Beck Institute has workshops under the direction of Judith Beck.
The annual conference of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies is held in the summer.
Measures, Handouts and Worksheets
The books listed above are based on in-person treatments. They have not been evaluated by themselves or with in-person treatment. They are listed as a resource for clinicians who use them as an alternative to in-person treatment.
Computer-Based CBT for Depression
Beating the Blues (Ultrasis)
MoodGym (National Institute of Mental Health in Australia)
Videos Available for Purchase Through External Sites
Major Depressive Disorder